Hyperoxia increases the uptake of 5-fluorouracil in mammary tumors independently of changes in interstitial fluid pressure and tumor stroma

Hypoxia is associated with increased resistance to chemo- and radiation-therapy. Hyperoxic treatment (hyperbaric oxygen) has previously been shown to potentiate the effect of some forms of chemotherapy, and this has been ascribed to enhanced cytotoxicity or neovascularisation. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether hyperoxia also enhances any actual uptake of 5FU (5-fluorouracil)…

A review on the use of magnetic fields and ultrasound for non-invasive cancer treatment

Current popular cancer treatment options, include tumor surgery, chemotherapy, and hormonal treatment. These treatments are often associated with some inherent limitations. For instances, tumor surgery is not effective in mitigating metastases; the anticancer drugs used for chemotherapy can quickly spread throughout the body and is ineffective in killing metastatic cancer cells. Therefore, several drug delivery…

Mechanisms and therapeutic effectiveness of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy in oncology

Cancer is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. Available treatments are associated with numerous side effects and only a low percentage of patients achieve complete remission. Therefore, there is a strong need for new therapeutic strategies. In this regard, pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy presents several potential advantages including non-invasiveness, safety, lack…

Pulsed electromagnetic field at frequency and intensity resembling potassium ion cyclotron resonance selectively impairs breast cancer cell through apoptosis

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common women cancer worldwide. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the two common treatment options but these techniques suffer low selectivity and adverse effects on surrounding normal tissues. Non- ionizing pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) in ultra-narrow band frequency and intensity have shown anticancer effects. Changing potassium ion (K+) activities is a…